Auto Electrical Service Watch Out For These 6 Warning Signs!

If the six signs below look or sound familiar, your vehicle may beginning to have starting problems commonly associated with starters or alternators. It is time for some form of auto electrical service. As a lot of vehicle owners have learned from experience, ignoring problems doesn’t fix them, they only get worse! You may up with real car problems ranging from “slow” starts to a car that refuses to start at all.

6 Warnings Signs of auto electrical problems:

1. Dashboard Lights These lights are warnings that something needs immediate attention. Don’t ignore them, hoping they will go off on their own.
2. Strange Sounds If the engine is starting to make strange sounds, schedule an auto electrical service as soon as possible.
3. Burning Smell A burning smell could be caused by over-heating electric connections, indicating a circuit or fuse malfunction.
4. Dim Lights Dimming lights is an indicator of a failing alternator–the car battery can’t keep a charge to run the lighting system.
5. Dead Battery This is especially common during the winter months when lights are on for longer periods of time or if the lights are left on after turning the car off. A simple jump-start should take care of the immediate problem, but don’t forget to have your battery checked. Weak batteries can cause damage to starters and alternators.
6. Electrical Malfunctions — A broken connection or single little wire can lead to a series of electrical malfunctions. A simple auto electrical service, such as reconnecting an on-line fuse or connection can bring life back to your car.

** In the News…Southwest Airlines Will Use Renewable Jet Fuel From Forest Waste.

“According to the Green Car Congress, Southwest Airlines is the latest carrier to experiment with renewable jet fuel. It recently signed an agreement with Red Rock Biofuels to purchase low-carbon fuel made from forest residue. Southwest will buy approximately 3 million gallons of the renewable fuel per year, with the first deliveries expected in 2016 for use in the San Francisco Bay Area. Red Rock Biofuels’ first plant is expected to turn 140,000 tons of the forest residue into 12 million gallons of fuel per year.

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines started using biofuel on flights between New York and Amsterdam last year, while South African Airlines and Boeing plan to test a tobacco-based fuel grown in the airline’s home country. In addition, Boeing is also involved in the development of “green diesel,” which is made by splitting molecules from waste oil and fats with hydrogen. All of these efforts could help lower the airline industry’s overall carbon emissions, which account for 2 percent of the global today. By some projections, that total could rise to 5 percent by 2050.” **

Having problems with starters and alternators? Contact our ASE Certified Technicians at Clausen Automotive by calling (608) 221-8321 or go on-line at http://clausenautomotive.com for more information about auto electrical service. Since 1975, our family-owned auto shop has proudly served vehicle owners in Madison, WI, and the surrounding communities.

How To Choose Custom Car Paint Urethane Vs. Acrylic Automotive Paint

There are many factors to consider when choosing the best automotive paint for your everyday vehicle or classic car restoration project. To most car collectors, the look and color of a car paint is the most important factor. Other things to keep in mind include cost, application difficulty level, length of drying time, possible health hazards, and base-coat and finishing options. For simplicity’s sake, I’ll narrow them down to the top four most important differences: cost, difficulty level, durability and purpose. Acrylic and urethane are two of the most common automotive paints, yet they have very important distinctions. This article will help you choose the right car paint for your car project.

Cost

Cost is the only practical area in which acrylic enamel car paint has the clear advantage over urethane car paint, which costs more than twice as much. Acrylic lacquer paints cost up to $250 a gallon, and acrylic enamel costs only $100-$150 per gallon.

Difficulty Level

Application: If properly cut and polished, the finished appearance of acrylic car paint is unbeatable. Urethane paint will give your car a “fresh look,” and is easier to apply than acrylic enamel, which can only be applied with high-pressure spray guns. Urethane car paint can be applied with low-pressure, high-volume spray guns, which are easier to control and spray larger drops for better surface coverage, but are more prone to runs. Acrylic enamel automotive paint does not completely cover the primer, thus the primer color matters more when using it. On the other han, urethane paint covers the primer completely, so it does not require a similarly tinted primer. Acrylic paints can be done in a home garage, and applied in a slightly cooler ambient temperature, but no colder than 18’C (65’F).

Drying Time: Acrylic car paint has a much longer drying time, 1-2 days, as opposed to the short 2-3 hours required for most urethane paints, cutting down on time between coat applications accumulation of dust. For urethane car paint, most follow a base-coat with a clear coat. NOTE: some clear coats tint the color, especially if it is black or white. In this instance, one may prefer to use a single-stage urethane, and forgo the clear coat for the sake of the color. With urethane paint, wet-sand is also an option before applying a clear coat. Acrylic car paints require more coats (6-8), and must always be cut and polished, after letting it harden for several weeks. Single pack acrylic primers and fillers tend to shrink and sink back on repairs, so only use them on a final, even prime coat, and give it as long as possible to harden before wet sanding. Both acetone, thinners and fuel spillage damage acrylic paints, and they require more maintenance to keep your car finish shiny. In contrast, if a urethane paint job goes well, it needs no buffing, and un-buffed paint is the longest lasting and easiest to keep clean. If it is baked on, the car can be assembled the next day.

CAUTION: Urethane paints are toxic, as they contain isocyanate, airborne compounds that enter the body through the lungs and skin. Always use safety gear (goggles, mask and gloves) and proper ventilation when working with urethane paint. Acrylic automotive paints are less toxic because they are water-based, so the resin adheres using water as its primary agent, whereas urethane depends on a solvent.

Durability

Urethane finishes are much more durable than acrylic enamel finishes. There are many factors that vary the exact length of time a finish lasts, but urethane finishes, when properly maintained, generally last 5-10 years longer than acrylic enamel finishes. Urethane paints are activated by hardeners, so after they are mixed, they must be used promptly or the product is wasted. Acrylic enamel paint is prone to more chipping, cracking and general wear and tear, since it does not feature the hardeners.

Purpose

Acrylic enamel car paint is typically used by professional car restorers who want to paint a classic car to exactly the original specifications, which requires acrylic enamel paint on many antique cars. For example, acrylic enamel automotive paint is better for replicating factory orange-peel paint jobs, a bumpy surface finish. Both auto manufacturers and car restoration professionals have now switched to urethane paint for most auto body work, due to it’s practical advantages over acrylic enamel. It has become the standard in the auto industry because urethane car paint provides a quicker and better looking finish.

Steps To Diagnose A Classic Car Vibration

Driveline vibrations can be tricky to diagnose, because you can’t get under the car and see what is going on while it is driving down the road at 60 MPH. If you have read my first article on the three types of driveline vibration, you have a pretty good way of narrowing down the list of possibilities based on if the vibration is engine speed related, vehicle speed related, or engine load related. Here are some other considerations to keep in mind when diagnosing a classic car vibration.

The first thing to consider is the overall current situation. If this is a new build that has never been run before, then everything is suspect. You may have total faith in your engine builder, but could one of his tools be out of calibration? Is the engine supposed to be externally balanced, and you ordered the correct flywheel but actually received one for an internally balanced engine? Are your driveshaft angles out of spec? Could you possibly have a defective pinion or axle bearing, a bent axle, a warped wheel, or a tire out of balance? Is your exhaust touching the body or another component at any point? Are all the suspension bolts, body to frame bolts, and steering linkage nuts/bolts tight?

If this is a modified car, there are so many more things to think about. If you have 1968 Camaro (my favorite year!) with a Total Cost Involved front end, a late model LS3 engine with home-made engine mount towers, a Keisler transmission, a Currie 9″ rear end, and a Detroit Speed rear spring and shock package, there are a number of different opportunities for incompatibility, not to mention the fact that the car is almost 40 years old and the production tolerances back then were considerably “looser” than they are now. Aftermarket companies usually design their parts to fit a completely stock car, and their parts will usually fit an otherwise unmodified car very well. When you start to combine aftermarket parts from different manufacturers, you sometimes run into problems. The aftermarket front end may be designed to improve cornering ability which changes some geometry that the aftermarket transmission system also changes due to tunnel interference with the transmission, and then the rear end company also takes a few liberties with their design to make the rear end fit several different cars, and the rear suspension company modifies the geometry for maximum traction when drag racing. Each part by itself works perfectly with an otherwise stock car, but when all are combined you can end up with a car where the transmission touches the car body and the driveshaft angles are unacceptable. This of course isn’t always the case, but if you run into a vibration problem on a heavily modified car you need to take this possibility into account.

If it is a recent restoration that was vibration-free before, then first look at anything that was changed, and the relationship all those components have with other systems on the car. If you just swapped a Ford 9″ rear end into your Chevy, the rear end itself may be fine, but you could have altered the driveshaft angles. An angle that was barely acceptable before might be slightly beyond the limit now, creating a vibration.

Sometimes you have to “think outside the box”. I once corrected a “vibration” in a two year old, 25,000 mile Buick Lesabre that had a vibration complaint since day one. It had been to three different dealerships, where they had rebalanced and replaced the tires and wheels several times, had multiple wheel alignments, and even had the shocks and struts replaced. I noticed on a test drive that the vibration was only in the steering wheel. I could not feel it in the seats, the armrests or the dash, or see it in the mirrors. I took it back to the shop and ran over some speed bumps at about 10 MPH to see what happened, and the steering wheel moved about three inches up and down! I was a service writer at the time, and all of the technicians refused to believe that the steering column could be loose from the factory, so none of them would work on it. I dug into the dash and found that two of the four bolts that secure the steering column to the dash were about three turns shy of being even finger tight! It had come that way from the factory, and none of the previous technicians had taken the time to pay attention to what was actually happening with the car. I tightened the loose bolts, and I had a customer for life! Sometimes you have to open your mind a little, and throw all assumptions out the window.

The bottom line is to take your time and consider all the possibilities. Assess the overall situation, drive the car, and think about what is happening. Don’t make any assumptions, and realize that aftermarket parts from different reputable companies aren’t always designed to work with each other. Have an open mind, and with patience any vibration problem can be diagnosed and corrected.

Importance Of Automotive Components Industry In India

The Indian automotive components industry has fast emerged from a supplier of the domestic market only, to one of the central and best auto parts supplier of Asia. Apart from being a significant player in the global automotive supply chain, auto component companies India also supply high-value and sophisticated auto components to renowned auto makers such as General Motors, Toyota, Ford, Volkswagen to name a few.

Most global auto makers purchase Indian auto components to meet the growing demands for hardy and genuine spare parts. According to statistics revealed by the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA), the estimated turnover of the auto component industry will be around US $19.2 billion, in the year 2009-10. Whereas exports from the auto component companies India will be around US $3.2 billion. The maximum percentage of Indian automotive components is dominated by engine parts that accounts to almost 31%, 19% by drive transmission and steering parts and 12% each by suspension and braking parts and body and chassis respectively. The best auto parts supplier from India covers three main clusters mainly, commercial vehicle suppliers Delhi and NCR regions, Pune and Chennai.

Initiatives of the UNIDOSPX further helped the Indian Auto component manufacturers to reach out to the global auto majors by organizing noteworthy and useful events such as the Auto Expo 2010 held from 5-11 January 2010 in New Delhi. The UNIDO-SPX India is a technical information and match making centre for industrial subcontracting and supply chain management that helps small and medium sized companies to reach out to the global audience and make a foothold in the international market. Various auto component companies India, especially from the small and medium sectors were immensely benefited from this Auto Expo fair that strengthened their chance of creating tie-ups with big international as well Indian players in the automobile industry. The various delegations from all around the world who were participating in this Auto Expo also got a chance to get into contract with commercial vehicle supplier Delhi & NCR, Pune and Chennai to purchase Indian auto components.

According to the Investment Commission of India, India is among the most competitive manufacturers and best auto parts supplier in the world. More and more international auto component makers including big names like Delphi, Visteon, Bosch and Meritor are interested to purchase Indian auto components and have set up operations in India. Apart from this India is also becoming the main hub for research and development of automotive components with companies like Bosch, Suzuki, Johnson Control etc setting up research and development centers in this country.

ACMA is the main agency for the Indian automotive components industry that helps the auto parts manufacturers to participate in international trade and technology fairs, send delegates abroad, bringing out publications on various automotive industry issues etc. ACMA also helps the auto component companies India to maintain their standard and quality of products and keep themselves upgraded according to international standards.

India is the second largest producer of motorcycles in the world after China. The vast range of vehicles made in India includes;
Light passenger vehicles including passenger cars, MUVs, SUVs, Commercial vehicles including light commercial vehicles, medium and heavy commercial vehicles and buses,
Tractors that include earth moving, and construction equipments,
Two wheelers including motorcycles, scooters, mopeds and
Three wheelers including passenger carriers and goods carriers.

How Automotive Windshields Are Repaired

Broken automotive windshields are no laughing matter. The term broken can be used lightly in some situations, and not so lightly in others. A broken windshield is considered to be a windshield that has a chip, crack, or spider web appearing crack within it. Damaged automotive glass can be a serious issue. If you do not get the problem rectified immediately, it can make it impossible for you to be able to operate your vehicle.

Even tiny dings that appear on this area of your vehicle can turn into larger problems down the road. When these small dings start to grow, they can block out your vision, which makes operating your vehicle a hazard in itself. Windshield replacement can help you fix a broken car windshield. Replacements are not the only solution to your problem though.

Smaller flaws that have not grown to be bigger messes can be rectified with simple repairs. These repairs can help you restore the strength of your vehicles glass, and help you avoid having to have this entire portion of your vehicle replaced down the line. Understanding the way that these repair services are carried out, will give you a general idea of what you can expect, if your vehicles windshield ever becomes damaged.

One of the first things that a repair service will do before fixing the problem is perform an evaluation of the damage. The repair personnel will examine the simple chip or crack. They will determine the size of the crack, and also look at the depth of it as well. Location is also a major factor that has to be considered when fixing this portion of your vehicle.

A lot of smaller flaws that are made to automotive windshields can be fixed by applying a resin to the surface of the chip or crack, and allowing it to dry. Be aware, that the only time that a repair service will use a resin to fix a chip or a crack that appears along your vehicles windshield is if the bottom layer of your glass has not been damaged.

Most of the modern day windshields that are placed on cars are made up of two glass layers. In between these two layers, there is a laminated rubber membrane. Resin repair services will only be able to fix damages that do not surpass the rubber membrane layer of your windshield. In the event that both layers of the part are damaged, you will need to look into having this entire portion of your vehicle replaced, as opposed to just having to patched up a little bit.

Some cracks that appear along the outer perimeter of your vehicles windshield can also be difficult to correct with a simple resin layer repair. Therefore, before hiring a repair service to fix your issue, it is important that you evaluate the state of the damage first. Be aware, that most companies that offer repairs will offer full replacements of the product as well. However, there are some companies that offer repairs that do not offer replacement services. Therefore, it is up to you to determine what type of service you believe you may require.

After you have personally determined that the only thing that needs to be done to your windshield is a simple repair, the repair process is fairly easy. A typical repair job will take about thirty minutes to complete. Using a special type of sunlight cured resin; the repair person will inject the epoxy onto the area that is cracked.

They will use special tools during the application process, in order to ensure that the repair is going to suffice. The tools that are used are designed to fix cracks and chips that do not pass the first layer of glass on the part. After the resin is applied to the area, you will need to wait a few minutes for the substance to dry, before using your vehicle.

The good thing about the resin is it dries clear. This will make it appear like there was never anything wrong with the product. The clear drying resin will match the remaining portion of your vehicles windshield. The sunlight is what is used to dry the resin, after it has been applied. Therefore, you will not have to do anything additional after having a repair service performed on this area of your vehicle. There are not a lot of people that realize how significant automotive windshields are, until they are forced to repair this portion of their vehicles. A broken windshield will make you a hazard on the road, aside from that it will ruin the beauty of your vehicle.

Make Your Automotive Direct Mail And Multi-channel Marketing A Success

The automotive industry is a very competitive market with huge revenues and high grosses. Auto Dealers are faced with many decisions monthly in regards to their marketing and advertising budgets. One area that has become very popular amongst the dealerships is Automotive Multi-channel marketing. Automotive Multi-channel Marketing is when an auto dealer combines both the traditional direct mail campaign along with the digital online advertising. Dealers see the benefit of killing two birds with one stone and by doing so their website rankings benefit from it. Print Auto Mail has accomplished this by developing a highly integrated Automotive Internet Marketing Campaigns coupled with the automotive direct mail campaign. This multi-channel combination can not only help dealers get placement on search engines, but also receive greater response rates and a higher ROI.

According to a survey, nearly 73% of the car purchasers today responded to their direct mail advertisement. This is one of the biggest reasons why most of the automobile dealers and manufacturers continue using this marketing method. Automotive campaigns that utilize the Multi-channel Marketing method can be custom-designed so that they can easily fit all types of advertising budgets. An automotive direct mail campaign can be just as simple as a postcard or complex as a strategically designed mailer that is coupled with the automotive multi-channel marketing. These marketing efforts can also include the excitement of grand prize winnings, door busters, and special invitations can all be developed based upon the type of budget you have.

One should use automotive direct mail marketing in such a manner that it would support their Dealership and also offer cost effective techniques to attract more customers. Most of the companies that deal with direct mail provide price breaks in volume mailing and or when it”s coupled with Automotive Internet Marketing. The higher quantity of mailers sent, the more you will save for each piece. Like other types of marketing, direct mail can help you achieve success if used in a right manner. You want to make sure you select and Automotive Direct Mail Company that offers multi-channel marketing and is more interested in your dealerships success than their bottom line.

An important thing that you should remember is that you can target specific audiences by using the different forms of automotive direct mailers, such as New Car Mailers, Used Car Mailers, Automotive Lease and Loan Mailers, Buy Back mailers, Registered Owners mailers, Database mailers, Credit Score Mailers, Tax Mailers, Bankruptcy Mailers, and much more. The right automotive campaign for each business is different, but you can always base your decisions on relevant statistics along with best practices. With this kind of marketing and the proper usage of the prospective list of clients you are targeting you will maximize your advertising response. Apart from choosing a proper mailing list, it is very vital to decide the contents of your mail campaign. Whether you want to offer a coupon, a payment assistance voucher, special offers or discounts to Military, or to create high traffic by placing a personalized embossed plastic credit card, or key attached to the mailer; this kind of marketing will definitely increase your sales and your bottom line.

Another thing that can help you attain success in your automotive market place is Automotive SEO. Automotive Seo will help to enhance your rankings on the search engines and at the same time will improve the visibility of your website.

European premiere of the new Jeep Renegade with state-of-the-art HARMAN infotainment system

New Jeep Renegade equipped with award-winning HARMAN Uconnect infotain-ment system

Balocco/Karlsbad – September 10, 2014 – The new Jeep Renegade, which celebrates its EMEA launch, will bring state-of-the-art infotainment and connectivity to the world of midsize SUVs. The new Ucon-nect infotainment system by HARMAN that features increased voice recognition capabilities and more realistic navigation will help drivers stay connected to their vehicles and the world around them. It also offers vast entertainment properties incl. DAB tuner, Bluetooth connectivity for streaming audio and iPod compatibility.

-We’re excited that the Jeep Renegade will be the tradition-rich car manufacturer’s third iconic vehicle to feature our innovative Uconnect system,- says Sachin Lawande, President of HARMAN’s Infotainment Division. -Drivers of the Jeep Renegade will have access to an array of easy-to-use features to help them stay connected, informed and focused on driving.-

With a 6.5-inch color touch screen, this state-of-the-art system by HARMAN offers access to the many innovative infotainment features. The platform also delivers faster response and sharper navigation, and offers drivers one-step voice command of navigation and other functions. Drivers can make phone calls, give navigation instructions and play their favorite music by voice control – all without compromising safety. Entering destinations is a -one-shot- action, with the city, street and building number all in one natural sequence. A 3D-terrain model, 3D-cities and 3D-landmarks make navigation more realistic than ever.

Key features include: Total speech control with hands-free calling, voice command + one shot voice recognition Vast entertainment properties incl. AM/FM radio, DAB tuner, streaming audio + iPod compatibility Full feature GPS navigation incl. 3D city models, landmarks + enhanced digital terrain models Useful information tools as for example the compass function, Radio Data System + Traffic Message Channel integration

The Jeep Renegade isn’t the only Chrysler Group vehicle to feature the Uconnect system by HARMAN. Uconnect also powers the Connected Media Center in numerous 2014 Chrysler and FIAT cars, trucks and SUVs, like the Jeep Cherokee and Grand Cherokee, as well as the current Viper sports car.

About HARMAN

HARMAN (www.harman.com) designs, manufactures and markets premier audio, visual, infotainment and integrated control solutions for the automotive, consumer and professional markets. With leading brands including AKG, Harman Kardon, Infinity, JBL, Lexicon and Mark Levinson , the Com-pany is admired by audiophiles, musicians and the entertainment venues where they perform. More than 25 million automobiles on the road today are equipped with HARMAN audio and infotainment sys-tems. HARMAN has a workforce of approximately 16,000 people across the Americas, Europe, and Asia and reported sales of $5.3 billion for the twelve months ended June 30, 2014.

For further information please contact:

HARMAN Nicole Mehr Director Corporate Affairs and Communications Europe Becker-Gring-Str. 16 D-76307 Karlsbad

Phone: +49-7248-71-1272 nicole.

Text 100 Robert Zormeier Nymphenburger Str. 168 D-80634 Mnchen

Phone: +49-89-998370-17

2014 HARMAN International Industries, Incorporated. All rights reserved. Harman Kardon, Infinity, JBL, Lexicon and Mark Levinson are trademarks of HARMAN International Industries, Incorporated, registered in the United States and/or other countries. AKG is a trademark of AKG Acoustics GmbH, registered in the United States and/or other countries. Features, specifications and appearance are subject to change without notice.

Experts Predict The Development Of The Automotive Industry In Europe Will Encounter A Bottleneck Pe

Recently, Germany “report to westdeutsche” has reported industry experts Ferdinand Duden Hove forecast on the development of the automotive industry in Europe. This professor of the University of Duisburg – Essen was pointed out, in 2013, European car manufacturers will face the most serious challenges in the past few decades, and the trend of decline in car sales in Europe only may be able to slow down after 2014.

According to Ferdinand Duden Hove forecast, for the European automotive industry, 2013 will be the most difficult year in decades. He pointed out that in Europe, especially in the automotive industry in southern Europe, is facing the most severe test since World War II. In the past year, car sales in France and Spain suffered huge losses

The University of Duisburg – Essen CAR Automation Research Center director said: “The euro area long-term economic slowdown of the European car market will face a more difficult situation in 2013.” 2013 and 2014 will be the bottleneck, and downward trend may stop after 2014. Duden Hough added: “so far have not been able to detect the signs of recovery since the economic crisis.”

Russia and India will overtake Germany as the auto market
Under Duden Hough forecast, in 2013, Europe car sales will less 3.5 million than the same period in 2005. This figure is equivalent to the annual sales of 12 plants. Duden Hough also speculated that most of the region will face a situation of overcapacity in the future. Whats more, he also believes that the government of the southern European countries will be funded aid the car manufacturers.

Duden Hove further pointed out that the balance of power of the global automotive industry will change. Although the United States as a sales market leading position will not change, but the German car market has gradually lost its importance. To Duden Hough estimates, “From 2015 onwards, Germany will no longer be the top five of the world’s largest auto market.” Russia and India are likely to overtake Germany before that.

Spain’s car industry assistance projects
While German Automobile Industry Association (VDA) submitted to the 2012 sales statistics on last Thursday, the automobile industry in France and Spain also announced its sales in 2012 this black year. French car manufacturers (CCFA) announced on Wednesday, in the past year, there is only nearly 19,000 new cars registeredwhich is the lowest figure in 15 years. Compared to the same period in 2011, new car sales fell by nearly 14%.

According to the Automobile AssociationANFACStatistics, Spain car annual sales in 2012 has a decrease of 13.4% over the same period last year. In order to promote sales, the Spanish producers and the government have drafted an aid proposal in November 2012. Until March of this year, if the Spanish car owners to scrap his more than 12 years old car and purchase the more environmentally friendly cars, they will get a bonus of 2000 euros.

Tata Launched Its First Hatchback, Tata Indigo Ecs

Out of the varied sedans out there in Indian Vehicle market, the Tata Indigo is likely one of the popular ones. Tata Indigo is a sedan which comes in 6 totally different fashions sharing a number of the fundamental options and completely different within the engine type and gasoline which the engine consumes. All of the variants of this sedan have been priced in keeping with the aggressive market of India. 2 out of those 6 variants have been geared up with the petrol engine and the rest of the models have been outfitted with diesel engine. All the automobiles share a 1.4 Liter engine offering the best efficiency inside the city as well as in the outer city areas. Tata Indigo is a superb sedan automobile which appears nice and is somewhat much like the Tata Indica. The car comes with a pleasant construct quality and the driving consolation can also be at an elevated rate. Rear passengers in many of the cars usually are not provided with exceptional consolation however this car concentrates on this part as well. Tata Indigo is a Sedan which has been manufactured preserving in mind to keep the associated fee low, providing one of the best comfort to clients and a comfortable drive. The design and efficiency of Tata Indigo has been made in an effort to keep drawback-free on Indian roads and the automobile is performing this job in a really nice way.

Tata Indigo has been trusted by lots of people in India because of the nice build of the car and its high quality on the interiors, exteriors and on the roads as well. Comfortable and powerful ride is what this automobile supplies folks with. Tata Indigo has been outfitted with nice and new applied sciences that assist this automobile to keep up nicely with the automobile business competition. Interiors of the automotive are very spacious permitting folks of all sizes to fit in comfortably. The comparison of interior of this automobile to other cars in the same category and vary proves it to be the very best of the vehicles in accordance with the interior. The designing of the interiors has been fluent and the devices have a prominent cluster consisting of tachometer, speedometer and fuel gauge. The automotive also comes with all the required warning lights which allow in higher control over the car. The dashboard has a nice design with cup holders on it and the supplies used in the construction give a really good feel. On dashboard do other equipments resemble electric sockets etc. that allow you to plug in and use auxiliary equipments? The beige color of the dashboard finds good contrast with the rest of the inside of the automotive which makes it quite attractive.

Regardless of having all these features in Tata Indigo, the competition for this car in the vehicle is tough. With the launch of latest sedan cars in the car industry that match this automobile in quality and appears, the competition becomes quite difficult. With nice vehicles in the trade launched from other manufacturing company, the competitors take a fascinating hype and the collection of the automobiles is left solely on the priorities of the buyers.

Boyce Activated Carbon Products For The Automotive Industry

Our granular activated carbons have a wide range of uses for the automotive industry. Boyce Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) is excellent for low pressure drop, high-efficiency purification of liquids, gases and vapors. Available in several grades, it covers a range of pore size distributions, surface chemistries, particle size distributions and purity levels. Granular activated carbons are used for gasoline vapor recovery, air purification, catalysis, and decolonization/deodorization/contaminant reduction of chemicals.

Automotive Industry Applications

Automotive Evaporative Emissions

Vehicle activated carbon canisters are designed to capture fuel emissions generated by the evaporation of the fuel tank vapors during day to night temperature variations. Emission regulations vary throughout the world. In the United States (US), requirements call for capturing fuel vapors generated during a 72-hour test, while in the European Union requirement are for a 24-hour test. Fuel vapor generation rates are approximately 25 to 30 grams a day for a mid-size vehicle. Our granular activated carbons are used by leading industries for this application because of their superior volumetric cost, performance and proven durability.

Automotive ORVR

On-Board Refueling Vapor Recovery (ORVR) is a U.S. regulation that requires the capture of fuel vapors generated during vehicle refueling events. ORVR presents a unique challenge for the vehicle by requiring the canister to have high fuel vapor capacity at fast loading rates and low pressure drop. ORVR canisters are typically two to three times the size of a standard evaporative emissions canister because of these capacity requirements. Our carbon pellets are the industry standard for this application due to their high capacity, durability and low pressure drop. Further, our special grade of Boyce carbon helps to reduce canister size due to its industry leading capacity.

Automotive PZEV

Partial Zero Emission Vehicle (PZEV) is a California initiated emission category that is expanding across the country. PZEV requires the vehicles fuel system to have no more than 54 mg of emissions during a 72-hour test. PZEV presents a unique challenge to control canister bleed emissions to very low levels, typically less than 10 mg. Boyce special grades gives solution to control canister bleed emissions.

Two-Wheelers

There is a global expansion of canisters on motorcycles to control fuel tank evaporative emissions generated by the evaporation of the fuel tank vapors during the day to night temperature variations. These canisters are typically much smaller than an automotive canister. Our granular activated carbons are chosen for this application throughout the world for their superior volumetric cost and performance and proven durability.

Air Induction Systems

Vehicle regulations in the U.S. sometimes necessitate the control of vapors emitted through the vehicles air induction systems. Unique solutions are required to solve these emissions because of the high airflow within the AIS and the potential to affect engine performance if these airflows are inhibited. Our uniquely designed granular and powder carbon are used to reduce hydrocarbon emissions to targeted levels.

Small Off-Road Engines Fuel tanks for weed trimmers, leaf blowers, lawn mowers, generators and similar products are being mandated to control fuel evaporative emissions. Our granular activated carbons are chosen for this application for their superior volumetric cost and performance and proven durability.

Marine

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is evaluating evaporative emission control regulations for recreational boats.

Cabin Air (Vehicle Interiors)

Exposure to volatile organic compounds that off-gas from interior components in new vehicles is of increasing concern in many parts of the world. Recent tests have demonstrated significant reductions of VOCs in the cabin by the use of activated carbon sheets. Boyce supplies special grades of activated carbon to make activated carbon sheets. This confirms ACS as a low-cost and effective method for reducing VOC content in the cabin before delivery to the consumer.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Automotive equipment manufacturers are increasingly turning to advanced engine technology to increase fuel economy. HEV and PHEV, while allowing for improved fuel economy, present a unique challenge for the activated carbon canister primarily due to severely restricted purge volumes. While our carbons are recognized for their superior purge performance, to meet the challenges of HEV and PHEV our carbons are typically combined with activated carbon honeycombs to meet emission targets.

Gasoline Direct Injection Engines

Gasoline Direct Injection Engines (GDI), while allowing for improved fuel economy, present a unique challenge for the activated carbon canister primarily due to reduced purge volume. Our carbons are recognized for their superior purge performance to meet most global GDI canister challenges. Additionally, our carbons are combined with our activated carbon to meet PZEV level emission targets.

Fuel Loading/Transfer Facilities

Bulk fuel and chemical transfer facilities use large-scale activated carbon absorbers to capture the vapors that are displaced or generated during the liquid transfer. The characteristics that make Boyce products the premier activated carbon for automotive evaporative emissions control apply to fuel loading as well.

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